In general, diabetes is found in urban areas, many consider that diabetes is a hereditary disease, but from a number of patients with this disease, little is recorded due to hereditary factors.
Diabetes is generally caused by the consumption of foods that are not controlled or the side effects of the drug – certain drugs. Habits of everyday life – the day also affect people affected by diabetes.
The notion of Diabetes Mellitus (Diabetes) is a disease in which blood glucose (a simple sugar) in the blood is high because the body cannot release or use insulin adequately. Insulin is a hormone released by pangreas, which is the main substance responsible for maintaining proper blood sugar levels. Insulin causes glucose to move into cells so that it can produce energy or stored as energy reserves.
Factors that may cause a person affected by diabetes are:
- Overweight / Obesity usually occurs at the age of 40 years
- High blood pressure
- ,Figures triglycerid (a type of fat molecule) that high
- High cholesterol levels
- Modern lifestyles are likely to consume instant food
- Smoking and stress
- Too much consumption of carbohydrates
- Damage to the cell pangreas
Impaired metabolism of carbohydrates leads to a deficiency of energy, which is why people with diabetes mellitus generally look weak, limp and did not fit. The common symptoms experienced by people with diabetes are:
- Many urinate, especially at night
- Easy thirsty and drink a lot
- Easily hungry and eat a lot
- Tiredness and frequent sleepiness
- Blurred vision
- Dizziness and nausea
- Impaired limb motor coordination
- Weight loss continues
Frequent tingling and itching – itching on hands and feet
The symptoms are an effect of the high blood sugar levels, which will affects the kidneys produce urine in excessive amounts to dilute the glucose, so people often urinate in large numbers. Of these patients due to excessive thirst so much to drink. A large number of calories lost into the urine, patients experience weight loss. For to consume this, sufferers often feel tremendous hunger so much to eat.
Things can be done to treat diabetes is to control weight, exercise and diet. The goal of diabetes treatment is to keep blood sugar levels within a normal range.